Internal Family Systems (IFS)

Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that explores the human psyche as a system of inner parts, each with its unique feelings and motivations.
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Quick Facts

  • Holistic Model: IFS views the human psyche as a complex system of inner parts, each with its own unique emotions, intentions, and roles.
  • Non-Pathologizing: IFS is a non-pathologizing therapy that regards all parts as having positive intentions, even if their expressions may be challenging. This approach promotes self-compassion and self-acceptance.
  • Parts and Systemic Healing: IFS helps individuals identify and work with their inner parts, addressing emotional conflicts and fostering collaboration among these parts.
  • Versatile Application: IFS therapy is versatile and can be applied to a wide range of psychological issues, including trauma, anxiety, depression, relationship problems, and personal growth.

Informational Video

Effective Treatment For

  • Depression & Lack of Connection
  • Communication Issues
  • Relationship Issues
  • Trauma and PTSD
  • Mistrust
  • Anxiety and Stress
  • Emotional Regulation
  • Personal Growth and Self-Exploration

Internal Family Systems (IFS)


Emotional Healing: IFS helps individuals address and heal emotional wounds, trauma, and inner conflicts by working with their inner parts, leading to reduced emotional distress and increased well-being.

Self-Compassion: IFS promotes self-compassion and self-acceptance by fostering a non-judgmental relationship with one’s own internal parts, contributing to improved self-esteem and self-worth.

Enhanced Emotional Regulation: Through IFS, individuals can gain better control over their emotions, reducing mood swings, reactivity, and symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Improved Relationships: IFS can lead to improved relationships by helping individuals understand and work with the parts that influence their interactions with others, promoting healthier communication and connection.

Personal Growth and Self-Awareness: IFS supports personal growth and self-awareness, allowing individuals to gain deeper insights into their inner world and personal potential.


What is IFS?

Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy is a psychotherapeutic model that views the human psyche as a complex system composed of distinct inner parts, each with its unique emotions, intentions, and roles. At the core of IFS is the concept of the “Self,” representing an individual’s calm, compassionate, and integrated center. IFS therapists guide clients in identifying and understanding their inner parts, addressing emotional conflicts, and fostering cooperation among these parts. By doing so, individuals can heal emotional wounds, enhance self-awareness, reduce symptoms of distress, and ultimately achieve self-leadership, promoting personal growth, emotional balance, and well-being.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is it necessary to have a specific issue or concern to benefit from IFS therapy, or can it be used for personal growth and self-exploration?

Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy can be beneficial for individuals with specific issues or concerns, but it is not limited to addressing problems. IFS therapy is well-suited for personal growth and self-exploration as well. Many people engage in IFS therapy to gain a deeper understanding of themselves, improve self-awareness, and tap into their inner potential. It offers a non-pathologizing, empowering approach that can help individuals foster self-compassion, enhance their relationships, and achieve a greater sense of inner harmony, even in the absence of specific psychological issues. It is a versatile approach that can be tailored to various therapeutic goals, including personal growth.

How does IFS therapy differ from other therapeutic approaches, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychodynamic therapy?

Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy differs from other therapeutic approaches in several key ways:

Parts-Based Approach: IFS is unique in its emphasis on the concept of “parts.” It views the psyche as a system of distinct inner parts, each with its own emotions, intentions, and motivations. This is different from cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which focuses on thought patterns and behaviors, and psychodynamic therapy, which explores unconscious conflicts and dynamics.

Non-Pathologizing: IFS is non-pathologizing and sees all parts as having positive intentions, even if their expressions can be challenging. In contrast, some other therapies may focus on identifying and treating pathology or negative patterns.

Self-Leadership: IFS aims to help individuals achieve self-leadership, where the “Self” (a core, compassionate self-awareness) guides the healing and harmonizing of the parts. This is distinct from CBT, which primarily addresses maladaptive thought patterns, and psychodynamic therapy, which delves into unconscious processes.

Collaborative Exploration: IFS therapy encourages a collaborative exploration of inner parts, fostering communication and cooperation among them. In contrast, CBT typically aims to modify specific thoughts and behaviors, and psychodynamic therapy often involves interpreting and working through unconscious conflicts.

Emotional Healing: IFS has a strong focus on emotional healing and trauma recovery by addressing the emotions and experiences associated with various parts. While other therapies may touch on emotions, IFS places them at the center of the therapeutic process.

Holistic and Systemic Perspective: IFS takes a systemic and holistic approach, seeking to create balance and harmony within the internal system. In contrast, CBT often targets specific symptoms, and psychodynamic therapy may delve into early life experiences and relationships.

Self-Therapeutic Tools: IFS provides individuals with self-therapy tools, enabling them to work with their inner parts outside of therapy sessions. This self-help aspect is less prominent in many other therapeutic models.

Empowerment: IFS emphasizes personal empowerment and self-compassion, allowing individuals to take an active role in their healing and personal growth. While other therapies can also empower individuals, IFS places a strong emphasis on self-leadership.

It’s essential to recognize that different therapeutic approaches have their strengths and are suited to different individuals and issues. The choice of therapy should be based on the specific needs and preferences of the client and the expertise of the therapist.

What can individuals do to prepare for an IFS therapy session, and what should they expect in terms of their own active participation in the process?

Preparing for an Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy session and actively participating in the process can help individuals make the most of their therapy. Here are some tips:

Before the Session:

  • Set Intentions: Before the session, take a moment to reflect on what you hope to achieve or discuss during the session. Consider the issues or concerns you want to explore.
  • Be Open and Honest: Be prepared to share openly and honestly with your therapist. IFS relies on a collaborative and non-judgmental therapeutic relationship.
  • Keep a Journal: Consider keeping a journal to record your thoughts, feelings, and experiences between sessions. This can help you track your progress and identify patterns.
  • Reflect on Inner Experiences: Try to become more aware of your inner experiences, thoughts, and emotions. This can help you identify the presence and needs of various inner parts.


During the Session:

  • Active Engagement: Be an active participant in the therapy process. Share your thoughts, feelings, and experiences as openly as possible.
  • Identify Parts: Work with your therapist to identify and understand the different inner parts that may be present. Describe their emotions and roles.
  • Engage in Self-Reflection: Engage in self-reflection as your therapist guides you in exploring your inner world. Be curious and open to insights and discoveries.
  • Embrace Self-Compassion: Cultivate self-compassion and self-acceptance throughout the process. This can help create a safe space for inner exploration.
  • Cooperate with Your Therapist: Collaborate with your therapist in the process of working with your parts. Be willing to engage with and understand the needs of these parts.
  • Self-Therapy Tools: Learn and practice self-therapy techniques provided by your therapist to work with your parts between sessions. This can promote ongoing healing and self-awareness.


After the Session:

  • Reflect on Insights: Take time after the session to reflect on any insights or new understandings that arose during therapy.
  • Practice Self-Care: Engage in self-care activities that promote emotional well-being and self-compassion, especially if the session was emotionally intense.
  • Apply What You’ve Learned: Try to apply what you’ve learned in therapy to your daily life. Implement any strategies or techniques discussed with your therapist.
  • Stay Committed: Stay committed to the therapy process. Consistency and regular attendance are often important for therapeutic progress.

Remember that IFS therapy is a collaborative effort between you and your therapist, and your active engagement is crucial to its success. Your therapist will guide you through the process of working with your inner parts, fostering self-compassion, and achieving self-leadership. It’s important to have patience with yourself and trust the therapeutic process to facilitate your healing and growth.